Sex education among younger population has drawn huge flack from ass-tight-minded inconsiderate mammals who’re trying to shepherd our young to a quagmire of ignorance and misinformation. Their arguments included it will promote early exposure to intercourse and promiscuity and early pregnancy, among other else. And thus, they want to shove their constricted beliefs to everyone’s throat as they deem it is the absolute truth that ought to be followed.
Recently, a local paper reported, and I quote “Teenage pregnancies in the Philippines surged by 70 percent over one decade, a ranking official of the United Nation Population Fund Agency (UNFPA) said on Monday.” (http://www.interaksyon.com/article/30434/teenage-pregnancies-in-philippines-rise-70-percent-over-10-years—unfpa) Moreover, the report said that the pregnancy rate among less than 19 years old is 53/1000 live births, the highest among six ASEAN major economies. From the 1.75 million certificates of live births in the year 2009, it was noted that babies born to teenage mothers was high at 11 %. While Albay Gov. Joey Salceda has already taken a bold step by signing Letter of Understanding with the United Nation Population Fund Agency, the advocates are still mourning and agonizing for the immediate passage and enactment of reproductive health bill, which aims to curb the above problem, for a stretch of almost 18 years.
Sex education is one of the aspects of the reproductive health bill. While some opposes it, I am presenting several medical studies that opposes their medieval-ic dogma and proves its beneficial effects to the younger population.
STUDY NO 1
Effectiveness of a Reproductive Sexual Health Education Package Among School Going Adolescents
Publication: Indian J Pediatr. 2012 Jan;79 Suppl 1:S64-8. Epub 2011 May 27.
1586 adolescents including 996 boys and 560 girls were included in the study. In the pre-intervention period, it was observed that majority of adolescents were poorly informed about reproductive sexual health matters, particularly about contraceptives. As compared to boys, girls had much poorer knowledge about prevention of pregnancy and after intervention. Students were then taught about reproductive health issues, including contraceptives, sexually transmitted infections, HIV/AIDS among other else. There was a statistically significant increase in the knowledge in both boys and girls. Among girls percentage of poor knowledge had reduced significantly from 64.1% to 8.3% and among boys from 37.7% to 3.5%. Similarly, increase in knowledge level was also observed in various other aspects of reproductive and sexual health including, STI, HIV/AIDS and perceptions about premarital sex. The study results revealed the feasibility and effectiveness of school based reproductive and sexual health education intervention programs for adolescents.
STUDY NO 2
Sex Education and Adolescent Behavior: Do Community Characteristics Matter
Authors: Kraft JM, Kulkarni A, Hsia J, Jamieson DJ, Warner L
Publication: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22325112# Feb 2012.
This study recently concluded but yet to be published was conducted among adolescents as far as the effect of sex education is concerned. The outcome measures were (1) sexual intercourse by 15 years of age, (2) sexual intercourse by the time they were interviewed, and (3) use of contraceptives during first sex between 15-19 years of age. The study clearly showed, across all community backgrounds that receipt of sex education clearly (1) decreased the odds of having sex by age 15, (2) decreased the odds of having sex by the time of interview, and (3) increased the use of contraceptives at the time of 1st sex among 15-19 years of age.
STUDY NO. 3
The Association Between Sex Education and the Youth’s Engagement in Sexual Intercourse, Age at 1st Intercourse, and Birth Control Use at 1st Sex
Authors: Mueller TE, Gavin LE, Kulkarni A.
Publication: J Adolesc Health. 2008 Jan;42(1):89-96. Epub 2007 Nov 7.
2019 never married male and female aged 15-19 were included in the study. They were given formal sex education before initiation of sex. The outcome measures, after receiving formal sex education included (1) ever had sexual intercourse, (2) age at episode of first sexual intercourse, and (3) use of birth control at first intercourse. The study concluded that formal sex education may effectively reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors when provided before sexual initiation. Also, sex education was found to be particularly important for subgroups that are traditionally at risk for early initiation of sex and contracting sexually transmitted diseases (infections).
Several studies further echo the above findings, which just underscore that said studies are valid. Unfortunately no local study has been conducted on the same token as sex education hasn’t been implemented yet.